Criminal Laws > Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 > Juvenile Delinquency The term ‘juvenile delinquency’ refers to a large variety of behavior of children and adolescents which the society does not approve and for which some kind of admonishment, punishment, or preventive and corrective measures are justified in the public interest. This phenomenon causes large- scale social problems in communities. He was 14 at the time of the crime. Family Effects On Juvenile Delinquency. It is shocking to learn that kids aged 12 years are often sentenced to death in prison. The frequent headlines: "Rising Tide of Juvenile Delinquency" usually attribute the situation to a decline of the use of corporal punishment in schools and homes. The federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention has issued a Bulletin that debunks the deterrence thinking of that “kids are adults” era. In the US, about 1.2 million juvenile cases are reported annually. 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